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Browsing items in: Native Flora of Louisiana - Watercolor drawings by Margaret Stones

(235 results)



Display: 50

    • Zigzag Stemmed Iris

    • Iris brevicaulis Raf.
    • "Zigzag stemmed iris is commonly found growing along the edges of freshwater ponds and swamps throughout southern Louisiana, where it blooms from April to June. Unlike the other native blue irises, this one is short, growing to about two feet. It...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Yellow Star-Grass

    • Hypoxis hirsuta (L.) Cov.
    • "Referring to this species as a grass is clearly a misnomer. Although leaves of this plant are long and grasslike, its large yellow flowers place it in the amaryllis family or, according to some, in its own family, the Hypoxidaceae. The densely...
    • Bossier Parish
    • Yellow Pond Lily or Cow Lily

    • Nuphar luteum (L.) Sibth. & Smith ssp. macrophyllum (Small) Beal
    • "Yellow pond lily commonly grows in the shallow, sluggish water of bayous, ditches, ponds, and swamps of Louisiana and the eastern United States. Extensive rhizomes serve to firmly anchor the plants to the mud of such habitats. Their dark green,...
    • Tangipahoa Parish
    • Yellow Pitcher Plant

    • Sarracenia alata Wood
    • "The yellow pitcher plant is a colorful and unusual plant found in bogs and wet savannas. Pitcher plants are carnivorous, i.e., they are capable of 'trapping' and digesting insects and small animals. Their remarkable, funnel-like leaves are well...
    • Tangipahoa Parish
    • Yellow Passion Flower

    • Passiflora lutea L.
    • "Yellow passion flower and maypop represent our two common native species of Passiflora. The two differ in a number of features. Yellow passion flower vines are smaller and less vigorous, and their leaves are smaller with three, shallow, rounded...
    • Lafourche Parish
    • Yellow Meadow Beauty

    • Rhexia lutea Walt.
    • "Yellow meadow beauty is the only species of Rhexia to have yellow flowers. Like the smooth meadow beauty, it inhabits pitcher plant bogs and wet pine savannas from northern Florida westward to eastern Texas. It is a bushier plant that grows to...
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Yellow lotus

    • Nelumbo lutea (Willd.) Pers.
    • "Yellow lotus, an emergent aquatic plant of fresh and brackish water, grows in ponds, bayous, and quiet streams throughout the eastern United States. This species is characterized by horizontal, underwater stems and large, disk-shaped leaf blades...
    • Tangipahoa Parish
    • Yellow Lady's Slipper

    • Cypripedium kentuckiense C. F. Reed [Cypripedium calceolus L.]
    • "Yellow lady's slipper orchid is rare in the rich, deciduous woods of central Louisiana. The unusual yellow, pouchlike slipper is formed by the lower petal, or lip, which differs considerably from the other two lance-shaped, spirally twisted,...
    • Natchitoches Parish
    • Yellow Fringeless Orchid

    • Platanthera integra (Nutt.) Gray ex Beck [Habenaria integra (Nutt.) Spreng.]
    • "Compared with the fringed orchids in Louisiana, the yellow fringeless orchid is smaller and differs in several floral features. Its racemes of golden yellow flowers appear from mid-to late summer, and they are conical in the bud stage and...
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Yellow Fringed Orchid

    • Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindley [Habenaria ciliaris (L.) R. Br.]
    • "Although yellow fringed orchid is known to exist in a number of localities throughout much of Louisiana, it is nevertheless uncommon. This species grows mainly in bogs and wet pine savannas, where its apricot-colored flowers dot the late-summer...
    • Washington Parish
    • Yellow False Foxglove

    • Aureolaria dispersa (Small) Penn.
    • "Aureolaria dispersa may be found from late summer through autumn in open, sandy pine-oak woods in the lower one-half of Louisiana and also in Texas eastward to Alabama. The plant's lower leaves are often deeply pinnately lobed, and its large,...
    • West Feliciana Parish
    • Yellow Candy Root

    • Polygala nana (Michx.) DC.
    • "Yellow candy root (left) normally develops a basal rosette of blunt-tipped leaves from which several ascending to upright stems arise. The branch apices terminate in dense clusters of lemon yellow flowers. Of the five sepals composing the calyx,...
    • East Feliciana Parish
    • Yellow Butterwort

    • Pinguicula lutea Walt.
    • "Although small in stature and deceptively attractive, the insectivorous yellow butterwort must seem like a menacing monster to a variety of insects. Glandular hairs secrete a viscous fluid that entraps and subsequently digests small creatures...
    • Tangipahoa Parish
    • Woodland Red Trillium

    • Trillium recurvatum Beck
    • "Woodland red trillium, like red trillium, has three mottled, leaflike bracts and a single, sessile, upright flower. Woodland red trillium, however, is somewhat taller, often growing to about fifteen inches in height, and has larger bracts and...
    • Caddo Parish
    • Wind Flower

    • Anemone caroliniana Walt.
    • "In central and northern Louisiana, isolated patches of alkaline soils restrict tree growth, allowing prairielike vegetation to flourish. In this region, the wind flower is one of the earliest wildflowers to appear among the brownish mats of last...
    • Rapides Parish
    • Wild strawberry

    • Fragaria virginiana Duchesne
    • "Although wild strawberry has been reported in scattered localities, the species is rather uncommon in Louisiana. The wild species is similar to the familiar cultivated type. Both kinds develop runners that produce new plants and have ternately...
    • Bossier Parish
    • Wild Hydrangea or Seven Bark

    • Hydrangea arborescens L.
    • "Wild hydrangea is widespread in the deciduous forests of the eastern United States. It is known from only a few localities in Louisiana, which is on the southwestern edge of this species range. Wild hydrangea is generally a shrub, but it may...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Wild Hyacinth

    • Camassia scilloides (Raf.) Cory
    • "The wild hyacinth has attractive racemes of pale blue or lavender flowers that may reach two feet in height. Like many liliaceous flowers, the wild hyacinth has sepals that are colorful and as large as the petals. The numerous, rather fleshy,...
    • Bossier Parish
    • Wild Ginger

    • Hexastylis arifloia (Michx.) Small
    • "Wild ginger grows in the rich, moist soil of shady hardwood forests of southeastern Louisiana. Long petioles, which arise from a short underground stem, support mottled, fleshy, evergreen, triangular leaf blades. Typically, one or two such...
    • Washington Parish
    • Wild Azalea

    • Rhododendron canescens (Michx.) Sw.
    • "This well-known, large, deciduous-leaved shrub inhabits moist, sandy soils along many of the streams in Louisiana and the southeastern United States. Mature individuals may be nearly twenty feet tall. Their alternate leaves range from one to...
    • Washington Parish
    • Whorled Pogonia

    • Isotria verticillata (Muhl. Ex Willd.) Raf.
    • "Whorled pogonia is a delicate perennial found along streams in rich woodlands throughout much of the eastern United States. Although generally regarded as rare to uncommon, this orchid may often be overlooked because of its short stature and...
    • Winn Parish
    • White Water Lily or Alligator Bonnet

    • Nymphaea odorata Ait.
    • "White water lily is one of the most common and best known of our aquatic plants. It is commonly found growing in ponds, lakes, and ditches from Arizona northward to eastern Canada. A substantial rhizome system generally forms on the substrate...
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • White Violet

    • Viola primulifolia L.
    • "The white violet (right) is exceedingly common in wet habitats such as bogs, ditch banks, and woodland streams throughout most of Louisiana. It is a stemless, white-flowered species that is readily distinguished from Viola lanceolata by its...
    • Allen Parish
    • White Texas Trillium

    • Trillium texanum Buckl.
    • "The rare white Texas trillium inhabits rich, wet woodlands and is known from a few counties in eastern Texas and from Caddo Parish, Louisiana. It was not discovered in Louisiana until 1977. Because of its rareness, Trillium texanum is being...
    • Caddo Parish
    • White Milkweed

    • Asclepias variegata L.
    • "The white milkweed is another member of the rich asclepiad flora of Louisiana. This stately plant, with its straight stems and broadly ovate, well-spaced, opposite leaves, generally grows in sandy, open woodlands. The spheroid clusters of white,...
    • Gloster Arboretum, Amite County, Mississippi
    • White Indigo

    • Baptisia alba (L.) Vent. [Baptisia lactea (Raf.) Thieret] [Baptisia leucantha Torr. & Gray]
    • "This conspicuous herbaceous perennial is generally found flowering in April and May along roadsides and in pastures in Louisiana. The plant may be as much as six feet tall with smooth, waxy, bluish green, zigzag stems and trifoliate leaves. Each...
    • Tangipahoa Parish
    • White Gaura

    • Gaura lindheimeri Engelm. & Gray
    • "White gaura, a perennial herb, is characterized by an underground, branching, woody stem and liberally branched, upright stems that support numerous narrow, elliptic leaves with coarse, widely spaced teeth. Near sunrise, the flower buds open,...
    • Tangipahoa Parish
    • White Fringed Orchid

    • Platanthera blephariglottis (Willd.) Lindley var. conspicua (Nash) Luer [Habenaria blephariglottis (Willd.) Hook.]
    • "Although Louisiana is within its geographical range, this species has only recently been documented for pitcher plant bogs in St. Tammany Parish, where a few dozen plants have been observed. Because of their more robust size, the Gulf and...
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Wafer Ash or Hop Tree

    • Ptelea trifoliata L.
    • "Wafer ash, a deciduous shrub or small tree, is known from Ontario, Canada, southward to central Florida and Mexico. Its alternate, trifoliolate leaves vaguely resemble those of poison ivy, which, of course, is a vine. Three kinds of flowers...
    • Lafayette Parish
    • Virginia Iris

    • Iris virginica L.
    •  
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Violet Wood Sorrel

    • Oxalis violacea L.
    • "Violet wood sorrel is a delicate little plant that has been widely reported from dry, open woods throughout much of Louisiana. The trifoliolate leaves of this stemless plant arise from a scaly, underground bulb. Each of the leaflets is somewhat...
    • Evangeline Parish
    • Violet Ruellia or Wild Petunia

    • Ruellia nudiflora (Engelm. & Gray) Urban
    • "Long, tubular, funnel-shaped, white, blue, or pink corollas are the trademark of Ruellia, a genus of about two hundred species found mostly in the American tropics and subtropics. Their resemblance to petunia is superficial, because the latter...
    • Vermilion Parish
    • Tulip Tree or Yellow Poplar

    • Liriodendron tulipifera L.
    • "Easily recognized by its apically truncate, four-lobed leaves, tulip tree is widespread on mesic sites in the eastern United States. In certain habitats, it may be a predominant forest species and a giant as well. The national champion tree,...
    • Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England
    • Trumpet Honeysuckle or Coral Honeysuckle

    • Lonicera sempervirens L.
    • "Lonicera sempervirens is commonly called trumpet honeysuckle or coral honeysuckle. It is a woody, twining or clambering vine widely distributed throughout the eastern United States. This species is often cultivated for its attractive tubular...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Trumpet Creeper

    • Campsis radicans (L.) Seem.
    • "Spectacular clusters of bright, reddish orange, trumpet-shaped flowers announce the presence of trumpet creeper, a common, vigorous, woody vine of fencerows and woodland borders. The stems, which may grow to as much as fifty feet in length,...
    • Ascension Parish (flowers); Washington Parish (fruit)
    • Trout Lily or Dog-Tooth Violet

    • Erythronium rostratum W. Wolf
    • "Early spring brings a carpet of yellow trout lily blooms to the moist, rich woods of the southeastern United States. Because of the rareness of Erythronium in Louisiana, this spring spectacle can be observed in only a few localities. Trout lily...
    • Lincoln Parish
    • Tree Huckleberry

    • Vaccinium arboreum Marsh.
    • "Tree huckleberry is commonly found in upland areas throughout Louisiana, except for the coastal and Mississippi River floodplain parishes. This plant, normally a large shrub, may grow as tall as thirty feet. Its many outstanding qualities...
    • West Feliciana Parish
    • Toothwort

    • Dentaria laciniata Muhl.
    • "Toothwort is one of the early spring, woodland wildflowers. Its delicate stem usually supports three leaves clustered just below the inflorescence. Each leaf is palmately divided into three narrow lobes with toothy margins. A small cluster of...
    • Lincoln Parish
    • Titi

    • Cyrilla racemiflora L.
    • "Much of the attractiveness of the titi is attributed to the numerous, many-flowered racemes clustered below the alternate, simple, shiny, dark green leaves. Its radially symmetric, fivemerous, white flowers appear in the late springtime. The...
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Texas Coneflower

    • Rudbeckia texana (Perdue) Cox & Urbatsch [Rudbeckia nitida Nutt. var. texana Perdue]
    • "Texas coneflower is restricted primarily to seasonally wet pine savannas of western Louisiana and eastern Texas. Relatively large, upright, ovate, basal leaves with long petioles grow from an underground rhizome, which by midsummer produces a...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Tall Goldenrod

    • Solidago Canadensis L.
    • "A profusion of bright yellow blooms is provided each fall by the tall goldenrod in roadside ditches and old fields and along the borders of woods. This robust, perennial plant readily grows in disturbed habitats and later gives way to other types...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Sweetleaf or Horsesugar

    • Symplocos tinctoria (L.) L'Her
    • "Leaves with the taste and smell of green apples are characteristic of sweetleaf, a common shrub or small understory tree of mesic to wet forests of the southeastern United States. Its alternate leaves are elliptic to oblanceolate, supported by...
    • Washington Parish
    • Sweetbay Magnolia

    • Magnolia virginiana L.
    • "Sweetbay magnolia is readily recognizable from some distance by its elliptic leaves covered beneath with silver hairs, which flash like fluttering, silvery tags on a windy day. Although these semi-evergreen trees may become nearly one hundred...
    • East Baton Rouge
    • Sweet Pepperbush or White Alder

    • Clethra alnifolia L. [Clethra alnifolia L. var. tomentosa (Lam.) Michx.]
    • "Sweetly fragrant, white racemes of flowers are one of the attractions of this shrub that grows in wet pine savannas, baygalls, and bogs. The flowers, five-merous and radially symmetric, have a rather simple structure. The shrub's undivided...
    • Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England
    • Swamp Lily

    • Crinum americanum L.
    • "The sweetly fragrant, white flowers of the swamp lily dot the coastal marshes in summer and fall. A profusely rooted bulb several inches below the surface of the soil anchors this plant to its marshy habitat. Arising from the bulb are many...
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Swamp Jessamine

    • Gelsemium rankinii Small
    • "Swamp jessamine, a woody, twining, evergreen vine of the bogs and swamps, ranges from North Carolina to extreme southeastern Louisiana. Leaves of this species are opposite, lanceolate, and dark green, and racemes of showy yellow flowers develop...
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Sunbonnets

    • Chaptalia tomentosa Vent.
    • "This unusual, early flowering, little bog-plant with its rosette of leaves and solitary heads of flowers has a form somewhat like that of the common dandelion. However, in detail the two are quite different. Sunbonnets' leaves have a dense,...
    • Washington Parish
    • Summer Woodland Orchid

    • Platythelys querceticola (Lindley) Garay [Erythrodes querceticola (Lindley) Ames]
    • "This delicate, little, terrestrial orchid is found in the rich, moist, oak woodlands of the Tunica Hills near St. Francisville, Louisiana. The bases of the several, evenly spaced, narrow leaves surround and clasp the stem and are reminiscent of...
    • Wilkinson County, Mississippi
    • Summer Azalea

    • Rhododendron viscosum (L.) Torr. [Rhododendron viscosum (L.) Torr. var. serrulatum (Small) Ahles]
    • "Although widespread from Maine to Ohio southward and fairly frequent in wet woodlands and bogs and along the borders of swamps and bays, this species is less well known than the wild azalea. Summer azalea also can grow to about twenty feet tall,...
    • Tangipahoa Parish
    • Strawberry Bush

    • Euonymus americanus L.
    • "The spectacularly colorful and unusual fruits of the strawberry bush are a woodland delight. The outer covering of the crimson, tuberculate fruit superficially resembles a strawberry. When the fruit opens, four or five fleshy, reddish orange...
    • Evangeline Parish (flowers); East Baton Rouge Parish (fruit)

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