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Browsing items in: Native Flora of Louisiana - Watercolor drawings by Margaret Stones

(235 results)



Display: 50

    • Pinewoods Lilly

    • Alophia drummondii (Graham) R.C. Foster
    • "This small and rather shy plant of the sandy pinewoods of western Louisiana and adjoining states has suffered the misfortune of having a treacherous nomenclatural history. This plant has been known in botanical publication by the name Eustylis...
    • Rapides Parish
    • Swamp Jessamine

    • Gelsemium rankinii Small
    • "Swamp jessamine, a woody, twining, evergreen vine of the bogs and swamps, ranges from North Carolina to extreme southeastern Louisiana. Leaves of this species are opposite, lanceolate, and dark green, and racemes of showy yellow flowers develop...
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Eastern Prickly Pear

    • Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf. [Opuntia compressa (Salisb.) J. F. Macbr.]
    • "The elliptic to obovate, flattened pads of the prickly pear are modified stems. Branches are represented by the clusters of spines that arise from the regularly spaced nodes, called areoles, of the stem. Also associated with the circular areoles...
    • West Feliciana Parish
    • Texas Coneflower

    • Rudbeckia texana (Perdue) Cox & Urbatsch [Rudbeckia nitida Nutt. var. texana Perdue]
    • "Texas coneflower is restricted primarily to seasonally wet pine savannas of western Louisiana and eastern Texas. Relatively large, upright, ovate, basal leaves with long petioles grow from an underground rhizome, which by midsummer produces a...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Running Violet or Walter's Violet

    • Viola walteri House
    • "Running violet forms mats on the forest floor because its stems creep along the ground and root at the nodes, a feature unique among species of Viola in Louisiana. Its small, orbicular to kidney-shaped leaves have purple undersides, and at least...
    • West Feliciana Parish
    • Bigleaf Magnolia

    • Magnolia macrophylla
    • "Bigleaf magnolia, an uncommon tree of the moist, rich woods of certain stream drainage systems in central and southeastern Louisiana, is spectacular in having leaves as long as three feet supported in umbrella-like clusters at the branch tips. Its...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Toothwort

    • Dentaria laciniata Muhl.
    • "Toothwort is one of the early spring, woodland wildflowers. Its delicate stem usually supports three leaves clustered just below the inflorescence. Each leaf is palmately divided into three narrow lobes with toothy margins. A small cluster of...
    • Lincoln Parish
    • Whorled Pogonia

    • Isotria verticillata (Muhl. Ex Willd.) Raf.
    • "Whorled pogonia is a delicate perennial found along streams in rich woodlands throughout much of the eastern United States. Although generally regarded as rare to uncommon, this orchid may often be overlooked because of its short stature and...
    • Winn Parish
    • Solomon's Seal

    • Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.
    • "Graceful, arching, leafy stems typify Solomon's seal, a plant of the rich, wooded slopes of eastern North America. From the axils of each leaf are two or sometimes more pendulous flower; each blossom's six-parted perianth is fused into a tubular...
    • West Feliciana Parish
    • Spanish Moss

    • Tillandsia usneoides (L.) L.
    • "Garlands of Spanish moss drooping from live oak, cypress, and other kinds of trees characterize the southern landscape. This epiphyte merely uses trees and, in some cases, other objects, such as telephone wires and fences, for support. The long,...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Yellow False Foxglove

    • Aureolaria dispersa (Small) Penn.
    • "Aureolaria dispersa may be found from late summer through autumn in open, sandy pine-oak woods in the lower one-half of Louisiana and also in Texas eastward to Alabama. The plant's lower leaves are often deeply pinnately lobed, and its large,...
    • West Feliciana Parish
    • Blue Larkspur

    • Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
    • "Stately racemes of large, pale blue to violet flowers of the larkspur sit atop upright stems that bear alternate, palmately dissected leaves. The flowers have unusual, colorful, petal-like sepals; the upper one forms a long spur in which nectar...
    • Rapides Parish
    • Louisiana Iris Hybrids

    • Iris spp., Louisiana hybrids
    • "Hybrids between different species of Iris may be formed under appropriate natural conditions. In parts of southern Louisiana, red iris and some of the blue flowering species, I. brevicaulis and I. giganticaerulea, have crossed with one another in...
    • Terrebonne Parish
    • Crane Fly Orchid

    • Tipularia discolor (Pursh) Nutt.
    • "Crane fly orchid, a plant found in rich, deciduous woodlands, has an unusual life cycle. In autumn, as the trees begin to lose their leaves and more sunlight reaches the forest floor, the crane fly orchid develops a new leaf and corm from its...
    • Wilkinson County, Mississippi
    • Lundell's Locoweed

    • Astragalus soxmaniorum Lundell
    • "Lundell's locoweed is a low perennial with many branches bearing featherlike leaves and terminal, compact racemes of pale lemon-yellow flowers and, later, beanlike fruit. This rare species of locoweed is restricted to deep, sandy soils in western...
    • Caddo Parish
    • Titi

    • Cyrilla racemiflora L.
    • "Much of the attractiveness of the titi is attributed to the numerous, many-flowered racemes clustered below the alternate, simple, shiny, dark green leaves. Its radially symmetric, fivemerous, white flowers appear in the late springtime. The...
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Giant Blue-Flag

    • Iris giganticaerulea Small
    • "Giant blue-flag inhabits the swamps and marshes from Louisiana and southeastern Texas to Florida. Growing to six feet in height, it is the tallest of our iris species. Except for being larger, its flowers are similar to our other irises. The...
    • Cameron Parish
    • Drum Heads or Candy Root

    • Polygala cruciata L.
    • "This showy annual plant grows in wet meadows and bogs. Its leaves, typically in whorls of four, form a crosslike configuration at each node, a formation that probably accounts for its specific epithet. Dense, oblong to cylindrical racemes,...
    • Tangipahoa Parish
    • Powdery Thalia

    • Thalia dealbata Roscoe
    • "Powdery thalia, an elegant and colorful plant found in freshwater marshes and ditches of the southeastern coastal plain, may grow to eight feet in height. Its broad leaves resemble those of canna, and its showy flowers are borne in pairs on tall,...
    • Iberville Parish
    • Late Blue Aster

    • Aster praealtus Poir.
    • "Autumn's last splash of color in Louisiana is spent on the late blue aster, which is seen around the edges of woods, along roadsides, and in old fields. Profuse masses of yellow- to purple-centered, pale blue-rayed heads cause the slender stems to...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Yellow Lady's Slipper

    • Cypripedium kentuckiense C. F. Reed [Cypripedium calceolus L.]
    • "Yellow lady's slipper orchid is rare in the rich, deciduous woods of central Louisiana. The unusual yellow, pouchlike slipper is formed by the lower petal, or lip, which differs considerably from the other two lance-shaped, spirally twisted,...
    • Natchitoches Parish
    • Red Iris or Bronze Iris

    • Iris fulva Ker-Gawl.
    • "Red iris is one of the showy wildflowers commonly found along the margins of marshes and bayous in southern Louisiana. As in most species of iris, the perianth of Iris fulva consists of six petal-like members; the outer three are called falls,...
    • West Baton Rouge Parish
    • Rose Pogonia

    • Pogonia ophioglossoides (L.) Ker-Gawl
    • "Widespread throughout much of the eastern United States and often locally abundant, rose pogonia is, in general, an uncommon plant. It frequents wet meadows and bogs. In Louisiana, it has been reported in several southeastern and central...
    • Vernon Parish
    • Bald Cypress

    • Taxodium distichum (L.) L. C. Rich.
    • "Although a great diversity of habits occurs in Louisiana, visions of this state usually include vast swamps of picturesque cypress trees draped with Spanish moss. Appropriately, then, bald cypress has been designated the state tree. This tree is...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Wild Ginger

    • Hexastylis arifloia (Michx.) Small
    • "Wild ginger grows in the rich, moist soil of shady hardwood forests of southeastern Louisiana. Long petioles, which arise from a short underground stem, support mottled, fleshy, evergreen, triangular leaf blades. Typically, one or two such...
    • Washington Parish
    • Violet Wood Sorrel

    • Oxalis violacea L.
    • "Violet wood sorrel is a delicate little plant that has been widely reported from dry, open woods throughout much of Louisiana. The trifoliolate leaves of this stemless plant arise from a scaly, underground bulb. Each of the leaflets is somewhat...
    • Evangeline Parish
    • Red Pitcher Plant or Parrot Pitcher Plant

    • Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
    • "The red pitcher plant is exceedingly rare in Louisiana, known only from Tangipahoa, St. Tammany, and Washington Parishes. Although brightly colored with an intricate, reticulate pattern of pale green, white, and reddish purple markings, this...
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Carolina Lily or Turk's Cap Lily

    • Lilium michauxii Poir.
    • "Although widely distributed throughout the southeastern United States, the Carolina lily is uncommon over much of its range. It frequently grows on remote, dry hillsides accessible to only the most determined naturalists. This majestic native...
    • Washington Parish
    • Black Titi or Buckwheat Tree

    • Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt. Ex Sarg.
    • "Black titi is a rather common shrub of the acid bogs and wet woodlands of the southeastern coastal plain, but only recently were about fifty plants discovered in St. Tammany Parish in Louisiana. Black titi often forms dense stands. Its rounded...
    • Washington Parish
    • Poppy Mallow or Winecup

    • Callirhoe papaver (Cav.) Gray
    • "Claret flowers of the poppy mallow, or winecup, present colorful wildflower displays on the drier hills and along roadsides mostly in central and western Louisiana. Poppy mallow, despite its superficial resemblance to poppies, is a member of the...
    • Acadia Parish
    • Obedient Plant

    • Physostegia angustifolia Fern. [Physostegia virginiana (L.) Benth.]
    • "Late springtime is when obedient plant is seen in great abundance in wet roadside ditches and moist swales, primarily in extreme southeastern Louisiana. Its terminal racemes of large, pale lavender flowers are supported by stiff, upright stems...
    • Livingston Parish
    • Piney Woods Dropseed

    • Sporobolus junceus (Michx.) Kunth
    • "Most grasses have little to offer in terms of attractive flowers or foliage; the piney woods dropseed is one of the few exceptions. A tufted perennial, this species grows in sandy soil in forest openings and along woodland borders. Its many...
    • Rapides Parish
    • Redroot

    • Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lam.) Dandy
    • "Although common in some parts of the Gulf Coastal Plain, redroot is restricted in Louisiana to Washington and St. Tammany parishes, where scattered colonies grow in low, wet savannas. Its gradually tapering, irislike leaves arise from the base of...
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Paw Paw

    • Asimina triloba (L.) Dunal
    • "Paw paw is a large shrub to small tree that often grows in clumps in rich woods and along stream banks in the eastern United States. Its flower and leaf buds, young twigs, and leaves are covered with rusty hairs. The large leaves are obovate and,...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Green Hawthorn

    • Crataegus viridis L.
    • "Green hawthorn is a small, rounded tree that grows in bottomland forests and swamps. The attractive cinnamon-brown color of its sinewy trunk is revealed by thin, exfoliating sheets of outer, grayish bark. Generally, but especially in juvenile...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Jewel Weed

    • Impatiens capensis Meerb.
    • "Jewel weed, an inhabitant of the shady, moist woodlands of Louisiana and the eastern United States, is readily identifiable by its unusual, colorful flowers. A large, saclike sepal with one end fashioned into a recurved spur is the most...
    • East Feliciana Parish
    • Longleaf Pine

    • Pinus palustris Miller
    • "Pinus palustris is the principal tree on the upland soils and the seasonally wet, sandy flatlands of the southeastern coastal plain. The longleaf pine plant community, believed to have occupied seventy million acres stretching from southeastern...
    • Tangipahoa Parish
    • Bigleaf Snowbell

    • Styrax grandifolia Ait.
    • "Bigleaf snowbell, a small tree found in deciduous, upland woods from Louisiana to Virginia, generally grows on bluffs and slopes bordering streams. In Louisiana, this plant is reported from nearly all parishes except the coastal ones. Leaves of...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Redbud

    • Cercis canadensis L.
    • "Winter buds on naked twigs burst into magenta blooms with the first warming of spring. Subsequent to flowering, heart-shaped leaves and clusters of reddish brown pods adorn the branches of redbud. The flowers, which exhibit showy banner, wing,...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Scarlet Rose-Mallow

    • Hibiscus Militaris Cav.
    • "Magnificent flowers as large as six inches in diameter with white or sometimes pink corollas and rose-colored centers highlight the vegetation of marshy areas of the southeastern United States. In general aspect, the flowers of scarlet...
    • Ascension Parish
    • Sourwood

    • Oxydendrum arboreum (L.) DC.
    • "Sourwood is well known throughout the eastern United States for its showy clusters of flowers and its brilliant fall foliage. The bark of the older trunks of this medium sized tree in the heath family is dark and deeply furrowed. Its deciduous...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Red Pitcher Plant or Parrot Pitcher Plant

    • Sarracenia psittacina Michx.
    • "The red pitcher plant is exceedingly rare in Louisiana, known only from Tangipahoa, St. Tammany, and Washington Parishes. Although brightly colored with an intricate, reticulate pattern of pale green, white, and reddish purple markings, this...
    • Hancock County, Mississippi
    • Tulip Tree or Yellow Poplar

    • Liriodendron tulipifera L.
    • "Easily recognized by its apically truncate, four-lobed leaves, tulip tree is widespread on mesic sites in the eastern United States. In certain habitats, it may be a predominant forest species and a giant as well. The national champion tree,...
    • Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England
    • Green Dragon

    • Arisaema dracontium (L.) Schott
    • "The green dragon is a close relative of the jack-in-the-pulpit, and the plants are quite similar in appearance. However, green dragon's one leaf is divided into five to fifteen segments, and jack-in-the-pulpit's, three to five segments. Green...
    • Morehouse Parish (flowers); West Feliciana Parish (fruit)
    • Carolina Moonseed

    • Cocculus carolinus (L.) DC.
    • "The bright red clusters of berrylike fruits draw attention to this vine, which otherwise blends into the greenery of fencerows and woodland margins. Carolina moonseed is dioecious. Its attractive fruits appear only on the female plants and...
    • Iberville Parish
    • Yellow Star-Grass

    • Hypoxis hirsuta (L.) Cov.
    • "Referring to this species as a grass is clearly a misnomer. Although leaves of this plant are long and grasslike, its large yellow flowers place it in the amaryllis family or, according to some, in its own family, the Hypoxidaceae. The densely...
    • Bossier Parish
    • Yellow Butterwort

    • Pinguicula lutea Walt.
    • "Although small in stature and deceptively attractive, the insectivorous yellow butterwort must seem like a menacing monster to a variety of insects. Glandular hairs secrete a viscous fluid that entraps and subsequently digests small creatures...
    • Tangipahoa Parish
    • Silky Camellia

    • Stewartia malacodendron L.
    • "Considered by many to be one of the most elegant of our native flowering trees, the silky camellia represents one of the few species in this country belonging to the tea or camellia family. This small tree, which is found on rich, wooded slopes...
    • Tangipahoa Parish
    • Indian Plantain

    • Cacalia suaveolens L.
    •  
    • Natchitoches Parish
    • Spring Beauty

    • Claytonia virginica L.
    • "Spring beauty is a tufted, perennial herb that grows from an underground corm. Its linear leaves, like those of most members of the purslane family, are somewhat succulent. The raceme on each stem produces about a dozen delicate flowers, which...
    • Lincoln Parish

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