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Browsing items in: Native Flora of Louisiana - Watercolor drawings by Margaret Stones

(235 results)



Display: 50

    • Indian Plantain

    • Cacalia suaveolens L.
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    • Natchitoches Parish
    • Virginia Iris

    • Iris virginica L.
    •  
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Grass Pink Orchid

    • Calopogon tuberosus (L.) B.S.P.
    • "'Gift of the meadow' is the meaning of Limodorum, a Greek name first used for this plant that grows in sunny wet meadows and savannas. This little orchid with its rose-pink to nearly crimson flowers is truly a jewel. The lip, one of the...
    • Vernon Parish
    • Southern Tway Blade

    • Listera australis Lindley
    • "A degree of skill akin to that required to find four-leaf clovers is needed to see the southern tway blade in the wild. This orchid is often overlooked because of its small stature, its short life span, and its brownish green color, which...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Arrowleaf Morning Glory

    • Ipomoea sagittata Poir.
    • "A denizen of the brackish marsh, arrowleaf morning glory is distributed in Louisiana in a narrow band along the coast. The arrowhead-shaped leaves of this plant are often visible above the surrounding marsh vegetation; its twining stems wrap...
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Tall Goldenrod

    • Solidago Canadensis L.
    • "A profusion of bright yellow blooms is provided each fall by the tall goldenrod in roadside ditches and old fields and along the borders of woods. This robust, perennial plant readily grows in disturbed habitats and later gives way to other types...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Golden Colic-Root

    • Aletris aurea Walt.
    • "Aletris aurea lends its golden riches to the diverse wet pine savannas in late spring and early summer. The wands of small flowers add bright yellow to the landscape at a time of year when it is colored with shades of pink, orange and white by...
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Bald Cypress

    • Taxodium distichum (L.) L. C. Rich.
    • "Although a great diversity of habits occurs in Louisiana, visions of this state usually include vast swamps of picturesque cypress trees draped with Spanish moss. Appropriately, then, bald cypress has been designated the state tree. This tree is...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Redroot

    • Lachnanthes caroliniana (Lam.) Dandy
    • "Although common in some parts of the Gulf Coastal Plain, redroot is restricted in Louisiana to Washington and St. Tammany parishes, where scattered colonies grow in low, wet savannas. Its gradually tapering, irislike leaves arise from the base of...
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Fairy Wand or Devil's Bit

    • Chamaelirium luteum (L.) Gray
    • "Although fairy wand occurs widely throughout the eastern United States, it is quite rare in Louisiana, where only a few plants have been found on a few rich, wooded hillsides. This member of the lily family develops a basal rosette of leaves and,...
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Indian Paint Brush

    • Castilleja indivisa Engelm.
    • "Although Indian paint brush carpets vast areas of southeastern Texas with its bright red floral displays, it is rather uncommon in Louisiana. The few reports of this plant come from scattered areas in the western part of Louisiana and may...
    • Evangeline Parish
    • White Fringed Orchid

    • Platanthera blephariglottis (Willd.) Lindley var. conspicua (Nash) Luer [Habenaria blephariglottis (Willd.) Hook.]
    • "Although Louisiana is within its geographical range, this species has only recently been documented for pitcher plant bogs in St. Tammany Parish, where a few dozen plants have been observed. Because of their more robust size, the Gulf and...
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Yellow Butterwort

    • Pinguicula lutea Walt.
    • "Although small in stature and deceptively attractive, the insectivorous yellow butterwort must seem like a menacing monster to a variety of insects. Glandular hairs secrete a viscous fluid that entraps and subsequently digests small creatures...
    • Tangipahoa Parish
    • Spotted Beebalm

    • Monarda punctata L.
    • "Although the numerous, lavender inflorescence bracts are the showiest aspect of the spotted beebalm, the flowers themselves have an intricate and subtle beauty. The corolla of this plant not only is two-lipped, as in most mints, but has the...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Carolina Lily or Turk's Cap Lily

    • Lilium michauxii Poir.
    • "Although widely distributed throughout the southeastern United States, the Carolina lily is uncommon over much of its range. It frequently grows on remote, dry hillsides accessible to only the most determined naturalists. This majestic native...
    • Washington Parish
    • Summer Azalea

    • Rhododendron viscosum (L.) Torr. [Rhododendron viscosum (L.) Torr. var. serrulatum (Small) Ahles]
    • "Although widespread from Maine to Ohio southward and fairly frequent in wet woodlands and bogs and along the borders of swamps and bays, this species is less well known than the wild azalea. Summer azalea also can grow to about twenty feet tall,...
    • Tangipahoa Parish
    • Wild strawberry

    • Fragaria virginiana Duchesne
    • "Although wild strawberry has been reported in scattered localities, the species is rather uncommon in Louisiana. The wild species is similar to the familiar cultivated type. Both kinds develop runners that produce new plants and have ternately...
    • Bossier Parish
    • Yellow Fringed Orchid

    • Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindley [Habenaria ciliaris (L.) R. Br.]
    • "Although yellow fringed orchid is known to exist in a number of localities throughout much of Louisiana, it is nevertheless uncommon. This species grows mainly in bogs and wet pine savannas, where its apricot-colored flowers dot the late-summer...
    • Washington Parish
    • American Wisteria

    • Wisteria frutescens (L.) Poir. [Wisteria macrostachya Nutt. ex Torr. & Gray]
    • "American wisteria is a deciduous, woody, twining vine that grows in wet soil along streams, ponds, and bayous. The alternate, pinnately compound leaves of this species are normally composed of from nine to fifteen leaflets. Conical, pendulous...
    • Tangipahoa Parish
    • Joe-Pye-Weed

    • Eupatorium fistulosum Barratt
    • "Among our many species of Eupatorium, the Joe-Pye-weed, which easily reaches ten feet in height, is the tallest. Other distinctive features include its long, lanceolate, whorled leaves and great, dome-shaped clusters of flowers. Each of its...
    • Vernon Parish
    • Golden Club

    • Orontium aquaticum L.
    • "An aquatic plant of the coastal plain of the southern and eastern United States, golden club grows from stout rhizomes buried in the mud of ditches, shallow streams, and swamps. Its bluish green, elliptical leaves may float on the water's surface...
    • Washington Parish
    • Small Butterwort and Yellow Butterwort

    • Pinguicula pumila Michx. and Pinguicula lutea
    • "Aptly named, small butterwort is about one-third the size of the yellow butterwort. Its basal rosette of leaves may be from one to two inches in diameter. The leaves possess adaptations that enable them to prey on insects and other kinds of very...
    • Natchitoches Parish
    • Floating Hearts

    • Nymphoides aquatica (S. G. Gmel.) Kuntze
    • "As suggested by its generic name, floating hearts resembles the water lilies. The similarity is seen in the leaves, which have floating, bluntly heart-shaped to kidney-shaped blades and apparently long petioles that may appear to be continuous...
    • Cameron Parish
    • False Liatris

    • Carphephorus pseudo-liatris Cass.
    • "As suggested by the scientific and common names, this plant resembles species in the related genus Liatris, the blazing stars. Both kinds of plants have lavender flowers clustered together in heads, a typical formation for members of the...
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Yellow False Foxglove

    • Aureolaria dispersa (Small) Penn.
    • "Aureolaria dispersa may be found from late summer through autumn in open, sandy pine-oak woods in the lower one-half of Louisiana and also in Texas eastward to Alabama. The plant's lower leaves are often deeply pinnately lobed, and its large,...
    • West Feliciana Parish
    • Late Blue Aster

    • Aster praealtus Poir.
    • "Autumn's last splash of color in Louisiana is spent on the late blue aster, which is seen around the edges of woods, along roadsides, and in old fields. Profuse masses of yellow- to purple-centered, pale blue-rayed heads cause the slender stems to...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Floating Bladderwort

    • Utricularia inflata Walt.
    • "Baldderworts are aquatic, usually rootless, carnivorous plants often having whorls of feathery branches. Sophisticated traps attached on short stalks along the branches are adapted to catch very small animals. The traps are tiny, sacklike...
    • Tangipahoa Parish
    • Bartonia

    • Bartonia verna (Michx.) Muhl.
    • "Bartonia generally goes undetected by most observers of nature because of its small stature and late-winter flowering period. The plant seldom grows more than ten inches tall and bears tiny, scalelike leaves on its wiry, purple stems. The...
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Beach Evening Primrose

    • Oenothera drummondii Hook.
    • "Beach evening primrose is native to the sandy beaches and cheniers from Cameron Parish, Louisiana, to Vera Cruz, Mexico. The generic name Oenothera was first used by the ancient Greeks, while the epithet for this species commemorates Thomas...
    • Cameron Parish
    • Beard-Tongue

    • Penstemon tenuis Small
    • "Beard-tongue, a name in general use for this and other species of the genus, refers to the toothbrush-shaped, sterile stamen or staminode found within the corolla. Among the five species of Penstemon known to grow naturally in Louisiana, P....
    • Acadia Parish
    • Indian Blanket or Firewheel

    • Gaillardia pulchella Foug.
    • "Because of its gaudy, reddish purple heads with yellow-tipped rays, this species of Gaillardia has been appropriately called Indian blanket and firewheel. Color may vary considerably among the individual rays, from those that have broad, yellow...
    • Jefferson Parish
    • Blue Jasmine or Blue Leather Flower

    • Clematis crispa L.
    • "Bell-shaped, cerulean blue flowers adorn the branches of this vine found in the rich, moist soils of marshes and woodland borders. Although the flowers lack petals, they are nevertheless attractive because of the four rather fleshy, petal-like...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Bellwort

    • Uvularia sessilifolia L.
    • "Bellwort is a delicate perennial that grows on rich, wooded hillsides. Its shoots emerge from a slender rhizome in the early spring. Their yellow-green, elliptic leaves are at first folded and closely clustered as the stem emerges, but they...
    • Lincoln Parish
    • Bigleaf Magnolia

    • Magnolia macrophylla
    • "Bigleaf magnolia, an uncommon tree of the moist, rich woods of certain stream drainage systems in central and southeastern Louisiana, is spectacular in having leaves as long as three feet supported in umbrella-like clusters at the branch tips. Its...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Bigleaf Snowbell

    • Styrax grandifolia Ait.
    • "Bigleaf snowbell, a small tree found in deciduous, upland woods from Louisiana to Virginia, generally grows on bluffs and slopes bordering streams. In Louisiana, this plant is reported from nearly all parishes except the coastal ones. Leaves of...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Bird's-Foot Violet

    • Viola pedata L.
    • "Bird's-foot violet, a popular wildflower, is our largest and perhaps most attractive member of the genus Viola. Its flowers consist of two pairs of upper petals and one lower, spurred petal. Two color forms are seen in the wild: in one, all five...
    • Rapides Parish
    • Black Titi or Buckwheat Tree

    • Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt. Ex Sarg.
    • "Black titi is a rather common shrub of the acid bogs and wet woodlands of the southeastern coastal plain, but only recently were about fifty plants discovered in St. Tammany Parish in Louisiana. Black titi often forms dense stands. Its rounded...
    • Washington Parish
    • Blue Water Lily

    • Nymphaea elegans Hook.
    • "Blue water lily inhabits canals, marshes, ponds, and swamps near the Gulf Coast from northeastern Mexico to Florida. This species is frequently seen in Cameron Parish, Louisiana, but appears to be rare or absent elsewhere in the state. A short,...
    • Cameron Parish
    • Bog Camas

    • Zigadenus leimanthoides Gray
    • "Bog camas has a bulbous base covered with a fibrous coat formed from the bases of previous leaves. Its several, long, tapering, grasslike leaves rise from near ground level. Except for a few bracts, the flower stalk, which grows to about three...
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Broad-Leaved Bulltongue

    • Sagittaria platyphylla (Engelm.) J.G. Sm.
    • "Broad-leaved bulltongue (left), one of our most common plants in the shallow waters of ditches, ponds, marshes, and swamps, has been reported from every parish in Louisiana. Like most other Sagittaria, it has basal, erect leaves and is...
    • Tangipahoa Parish
    • Southern Catalpa

    • Catalpa bignonioides Walt.
    • "Catalpa is one of the few medium-sized trees with large, showy flowers native to Louisiana. For a couple of weeks during springtime, this species stands out from the other vegetation along the edges of woodlands and streams. Each broad,...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Allegheny Spurge

    • Pachysandra procumbens Michx.
    • "Certain rich, beech-magnolia wooded hillsides in West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, represent the southwestern extent of the geographic distribution of Allegheny spurge. Propagating by horizontal stems, this species forms large colonies on the...
    • West Feliciana Parish
    • Chapman's Holly

    • Ilex decidua Walt. var. longipes (Chapm. Ex Trel.) Ahles
    • "Chapman's holly is similar to deciduous holly in most aspects. It is a small tree with smooth, light gray bark and simple, alternate, deciduous leaves. The plants are dioecious, and both staminate and pistillate flowers typically have...
    • Amite County, Mississippi
    • Pale Coneflower

    • Echinacea pallida Nutt.
    • "Characteristic of the prairies and open, wooded hillsides of the central United States, the pale coneflower grows in western Louisiana. Its rather rough stems may reach three feet in height. The greatest concentration of leaves is at each stem's...
    • Allen Parish
    • Puccoon

    • Lithospermum tuberosum Regel ex DC.
    • "Characterized by delicate, pale yellow flowers, the puccoon is a widely distributed woodland wildflower. Like most members of the borage family, its stems and leaves are covered with coarse, stiff, white hairs, and its inflorescences when young...
    • Wilkinson, County, Mississippi
    • Poppy Mallow or Winecup

    • Callirhoe papaver (Cav.) Gray
    • "Claret flowers of the poppy mallow, or winecup, present colorful wildflower displays on the drier hills and along roadsides mostly in central and western Louisiana. Poppy mallow, despite its superficial resemblance to poppies, is a member of the...
    • Acadia Parish
    • Yellow Fringeless Orchid

    • Platanthera integra (Nutt.) Gray ex Beck [Habenaria integra (Nutt.) Spreng.]
    • "Compared with the fringed orchids in Louisiana, the yellow fringeless orchid is smaller and differs in several floral features. Its racemes of golden yellow flowers appear from mid-to late summer, and they are conical in the bud stage and...
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Silky Camellia

    • Stewartia malacodendron L.
    • "Considered by many to be one of the most elegant of our native flowering trees, the silky camellia represents one of the few species in this country belonging to the tea or camellia family. This small tree, which is found on rich, wooded slopes...
    • Tangipahoa Parish
    • Coral Bean

    • Erythrina herbacea L.
    • "Coral bean is naturally distributed in sandy woodlands throughout the southeastern United States and northeastern Mexico. This species is herbaceous in the colder parts of its range but becomes shrubby in frost-free areas. Recurved prickles may...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish (Flowers); West Baton Rouge Parish (fruit)

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