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Browsing items in: Native Flora of Louisiana - Watercolor drawings by Margaret Stones

(235 results)



Display: 50

    • Allegheny Spurge

    • Pachysandra procumbens Michx.
    • "Certain rich, beech-magnolia wooded hillsides in West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana, represent the southwestern extent of the geographic distribution of Allegheny spurge. Propagating by horizontal stems, this species forms large colonies on the...
    • West Feliciana Parish
    • American Bluehearts and Florida Bluehearts

    • Buchnera americana L. and Buchnera floridana Gandog.
    • "Two species from the same family appear on this watercolor drawing. In late spring and summer, spikes of small, bluish flowers of the bluehearts commonly appear among the diverse flora of the wet pine savannas of the coastal plain of Louisiana...
    • Tangipahoa Parish (americana); St. Tammany Parish (floridana)
    • American Snowbell

    • Styrax americana Lam.
    • "Typically a shrub, or occasionally reaching tree size, American snowbell grows in moist to wet habitats with standing water, such as swamps and wet woodlands. This species differs from the big leaf snowbell in a number of features besides habitat...
    • Iberville Parish
    • American Wisteria

    • Wisteria frutescens (L.) Poir. [Wisteria macrostachya Nutt. ex Torr. & Gray]
    • "American wisteria is a deciduous, woody, twining vine that grows in wet soil along streams, ponds, and bayous. The alternate, pinnately compound leaves of this species are normally composed of from nine to fifteen leaflets. Conical, pendulous...
    • Tangipahoa Parish
    • Annual Sunflower

    • Helianthus annuus L.
    • "The annual sunflower is one of the most familiar of all flowering plants. It commonly grows along roadsides and around the edges of fields and woodlands. During the fall, the plant becomes conspicuous because of its large heads of flowers that...
    • Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, England
    • Arrow Arum

    • Peltandra virginica (L.) Schott & Engel.
    • "Except for having green leaves rather than variously colored ones, arrow arum somewhat resembles its relative, the commonly cultivated caladium. Both plants have arrowhead-shaped blades supported on long petioles. Under favorable conditions,...
    • Tangipahoa Parish
    • Arrowleaf Morning Glory

    • Ipomoea sagittata Poir.
    • "A denizen of the brackish marsh, arrowleaf morning glory is distributed in Louisiana in a narrow band along the coast. The arrowhead-shaped leaves of this plant are often visible above the surrounding marsh vegetation; its twining stems wrap...
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Bald Cypress

    • Taxodium distichum (L.) L. C. Rich.
    • "Although a great diversity of habits occurs in Louisiana, visions of this state usually include vast swamps of picturesque cypress trees draped with Spanish moss. Appropriately, then, bald cypress has been designated the state tree. This tree is...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Bartonia

    • Bartonia verna (Michx.) Muhl.
    • "Bartonia generally goes undetected by most observers of nature because of its small stature and late-winter flowering period. The plant seldom grows more than ten inches tall and bears tiny, scalelike leaves on its wiry, purple stems. The...
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Beach Evening Primrose

    • Oenothera drummondii Hook.
    • "Beach evening primrose is native to the sandy beaches and cheniers from Cameron Parish, Louisiana, to Vera Cruz, Mexico. The generic name Oenothera was first used by the ancient Greeks, while the epithet for this species commemorates Thomas...
    • Cameron Parish
    • Beard-Tongue

    • Penstemon tenuis Small
    • "Beard-tongue, a name in general use for this and other species of the genus, refers to the toothbrush-shaped, sterile stamen or staminode found within the corolla. Among the five species of Penstemon known to grow naturally in Louisiana, P....
    • Acadia Parish
    • Beauty Berry

    • Callicarpa americana L.
    • "The beauty berry, also called French mulberry, is one of the most common and widely recognized shrubs of the moist to dry upland forest borders and lightly shaded pine woods. Dense clusters of lavender-pink flowers adorn the upper leaf axils and...
    • Rapides Parish (flowers); Washington Parish (fruit)
    • Bellwort

    • Uvularia sessilifolia L.
    • "Bellwort is a delicate perennial that grows on rich, wooded hillsides. Its shoots emerge from a slender rhizome in the early spring. Their yellow-green, elliptic leaves are at first folded and closely clustered as the stem emerges, but they...
    • Lincoln Parish
    • Bigleaf Magnolia

    • Magnolia macrophylla
    • "Bigleaf magnolia, an uncommon tree of the moist, rich woods of certain stream drainage systems in central and southeastern Louisiana, is spectacular in having leaves as long as three feet supported in umbrella-like clusters at the branch tips. Its...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Bigleaf Snowbell

    • Styrax grandifolia Ait.
    • "Bigleaf snowbell, a small tree found in deciduous, upland woods from Louisiana to Virginia, generally grows on bluffs and slopes bordering streams. In Louisiana, this plant is reported from nearly all parishes except the coastal ones. Leaves of...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Bird's-Foot Violet

    • Viola pedata L.
    • "Bird's-foot violet, a popular wildflower, is our largest and perhaps most attractive member of the genus Viola. Its flowers consist of two pairs of upper petals and one lower, spurred petal. Two color forms are seen in the wild: in one, all five...
    • Rapides Parish
    • Black Cherry

    • Prunus serotina Ehrh.
    • "Well known for its valuable wood used in making furniture and cabinets, black cherry is a common forest tree found throughout much of eastern North America. Bark on the younger branches characteristically shows horizontal silvery bands, and the...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Black Locust

    • Robinia pseudoacacia L.
    • "Originally native to the Appalachian and Ozark Mountains, black locust is now naturalized throughout much of the United States and Europe. This often-cultivated ornamental produces copious amounts of seed, and unless controlled, it will generally...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Black Titi or Buckwheat Tree

    • Cliftonia monophylla (Lam.) Britt. Ex Sarg.
    • "Black titi is a rather common shrub of the acid bogs and wet woodlands of the southeastern coastal plain, but only recently were about fifty plants discovered in St. Tammany Parish in Louisiana. Black titi often forms dense stands. Its rounded...
    • Washington Parish
    • Blazing Star

    • Liatris pycnostachya Michx.
    • "Long, cylindrical spikes crowded with heads of pinky purple flower characterize the blazing star, a species found in moist, prairielike habitats of the midcontinent. Blazing star mostly grows in colonies and offers a colorful show when in...
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Bloodroot

    • Sanguinaria canadensis L.
    • "Rich woodlands at higher latitudes of eastern North America abound with this representative of the poppy family that flowers in early spring. Northern Louisiana, where only a few populations of bloodroot are known, represents the southernmost...
    • Lincoln Parish
    • Blue Jasmine or Blue Leather Flower

    • Clematis crispa L.
    • "Bell-shaped, cerulean blue flowers adorn the branches of this vine found in the rich, moist soils of marshes and woodland borders. Although the flowers lack petals, they are nevertheless attractive because of the four rather fleshy, petal-like...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Blue Larkspur

    • Delphinium carolinianum Walt.
    • "Stately racemes of large, pale blue to violet flowers of the larkspur sit atop upright stems that bear alternate, palmately dissected leaves. The flowers have unusual, colorful, petal-like sepals; the upper one forms a long spur in which nectar...
    • Rapides Parish
    • Blue Mist Flower

    • Eupatorium coelestinum L.
    • "Undoubtedly the blue mist flower, which grows along the edges of woods and in wet meadows and roadside ditches, is one of the most conspicuous of the autumn wildflowers. Its numerous compactly clustered heads of disk flowers have bright, ageratum...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Blue Water Lily

    • Nymphaea elegans Hook.
    • "Blue water lily inhabits canals, marshes, ponds, and swamps near the Gulf Coast from northeastern Mexico to Florida. This species is frequently seen in Cameron Parish, Louisiana, but appears to be rare or absent elsewhere in the state. A short,...
    • Cameron Parish
    • Blue-Eyed Grass

    • Sisyrinchium atlanticum Bickn.
    • "Growing in many-stemmed clumps in meadows and pastures and along roadsides, blue-eyed grass creates colorful springtime floral vistas. The ephemeral flowers, usually lasting a day or part of a day, are arranged in umbrella-like clusters and arise...
    • West Feliciana Parish
    • Bog Camas

    • Zigadenus leimanthoides Gray
    • "Bog camas has a bulbous base covered with a fibrous coat formed from the bases of previous leaves. Its several, long, tapering, grasslike leaves rise from near ground level. Except for a few bracts, the flower stalk, which grows to about three...
    • St. Tammany Parish
    • Bog Sunflower

    • Helianthus heterophyllus Nutt.
    • "Unlike the annual sunflower, which is widely distributed in the wild and grown commercially and in gardens, several species of Helianthus are rare to uncommon and restricted to specialized habitats. Bog sunflower is primarily a Gulf Coastal Plain...
    • Tangipahoa Parish
    • Broad-Leaved Bulltongue

    • Sagittaria platyphylla (Engelm.) J.G. Sm.
    • "Broad-leaved bulltongue (left), one of our most common plants in the shallow waters of ditches, ponds, marshes, and swamps, has been reported from every parish in Louisiana. Like most other Sagittaria, it has basal, erect leaves and is...
    • Tangipahoa Parish
    • Butterfly Pea

    • Centrosema virginianum (L.) Benth.
    • "When grown in full sunlight, the butterfly pea produces a profusion of violet-colored flowers. Unlike most legumes, its flowers are inverted, i.e., the banner, the large showy petal, projects downward. Within the flower are the much smaller wing...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Butterfly Weed

    • Asclepias tuberosa L.
    • "Found in dry, sunny sites mostly east of the Rockies, the butterfly weed is well known to wildflower enthusiasts. Dense clusters of various shades of brilliant orange flowers bloom from the ends of numerous branches of this rather low-growing,...
    • Allen Parish
    • Cardinal Flower

    • Lobelia cardinalis L.
    • "The richness of its vivid scarlet flowers indeed rivals that of a cardinal's breeding plumage. One of our most recognized wildflowers, cardinal flower generally grows along streams in moist, shady woods. The two-lipped flowers are borne on...
    • Lafourche Parish
    • Carolina Buckthorn

    • Rhamnus caroliniana Walt.
    • "Fruits of Carolina buckthorn are an outstanding and colorful feature of this small tree. The small, grape-sized, berrylike drupes are at first red and then black. Because the drupes mature at different times, various colors are typically present...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Carolina Jessamine

    • Gelsemium sempervirens (L.) St. Hil.
    • "Flowers of the familiar, high-climbing Carolina jessamine suffuse the thickets of woodland borders and fencerows in the early spring with brilliant yellow. The species is common throughout most of Louisiana and the southeastern United States. ...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Carolina Lily or Turk's Cap Lily

    • Lilium michauxii Poir.
    • "Although widely distributed throughout the southeastern United States, the Carolina lily is uncommon over much of its range. It frequently grows on remote, dry hillsides accessible to only the most determined naturalists. This majestic native...
    • Washington Parish
    • Carolina Moonseed

    • Cocculus carolinus (L.) DC.
    • "The bright red clusters of berrylike fruits draw attention to this vine, which otherwise blends into the greenery of fencerows and woodland margins. Carolina moonseed is dioecious. Its attractive fruits appear only on the female plants and...
    • Iberville Parish
    • Carolina Rose

    • Rosa Carolina L.
    • "Delicate, pink flowers grace the branch tips of the shrubby Carolina rose. Arising from underground runners, its sparingly branched stems are generally armed with a few to many somewhat-hooked prickles. In typical roselike fashion, leaves of the...
    • Caldwell Parish
    • Catchfly Gentian

    • Eustoma exaltatum (L.) Salisb. ex G. Don
    • "The catchfly gentian may be found near the Gulf of Mexico in Cameron Parish and sporadically in some of the other coastal parishes and states. Preference for wet alkaline of saline soils may be a factor restricting its distribution. This annual...
    • Cameron Parish
    • Celestial Lily

    • Nemastylis geminiflora Nutt.
    • "The sky blue flowers of the celestial lily usually occur in pairs, as suggested by its specific epithet geminiflora, which means "twin flower." The generic name Nemastylis is Greek and refers to the six slender, threadlike style branches arising...
    • Bossier Parish
    • Chapman's Holly

    • Ilex decidua Walt. var. longipes (Chapm. Ex Trel.) Ahles
    • "Chapman's holly is similar to deciduous holly in most aspects. It is a small tree with smooth, light gray bark and simple, alternate, deciduous leaves. The plants are dioecious, and both staminate and pistillate flowers typically have...
    • Amite County, Mississippi
    • Coral Bean

    • Erythrina herbacea L.
    • "Coral bean is naturally distributed in sandy woodlands throughout the southeastern United States and northeastern Mexico. This species is herbaceous in the colder parts of its range but becomes shrubby in frost-free areas. Recurved prickles may...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish (Flowers); West Baton Rouge Parish (fruit)
    • Coral Greenbriar

    • Smilax walteri Pursh
    • "Coral greenbriar is a deciduous vine that usually grows in fresh water or at least in places that are flooded for long periods of time. Because of its aggressive growth habits, it may form impenetrable thickets. Coral greenbriar has stems that...
    • Tangipahoa Parish
    • Cow Oak or Basket Oak

    • Quercus michauxii Nutt.
    • "Cow oak is common deciduous forest tree of the rich, mesic slopes and river bottom forests subject to floods of short duration. The bark of its straight, upright trunk is light gray and shaggy, somewhat like that of white oak. Leaves of cow oak,...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Crane Fly Orchid

    • Tipularia discolor (Pursh) Nutt.
    • "Crane fly orchid, a plant found in rich, deciduous woodlands, has an unusual life cycle. In autumn, as the trees begin to lose their leaves and more sunlight reaches the forest floor, the crane fly orchid develops a new leaf and corm from its...
    • Wilkinson County, Mississippi
    • Crested Coral-Root

    • Hexalectris spicata
    • "Crested coral-root is extraordinary, since it is one of the few orchids that does not make its own food. This plant is a saprophyte, i.e., its organic nutrients are derived not from photosynthesis but from the rich, humic soils in which it...
    • Wilkinson County, Mississippi (flowers); West Feliciana Parish (fruit)
    • Crossvine

    • Bignonia capreolata L.
    • "This high-climbing, woody vine grows in various habitats, including fence rows and woodland borders. It belongs to a family of mostly tropical trees that typically produce variously colored, trumpet-shaped flowers. Crossvine corollas are reddish...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish
    • Cucumber Magnolia

    • Magnolia acuminata L.
    • "Cucumber magnolia, one of the five Magnolia species native to Louisiana, is fairly common on rich, wooded hillsides, throughout much of the eastern United States. It may become a large tree, achieving a height of about seventy-five feet and a...
    • East Baton Rouge Parish (flowers); Gloster Arboretum, Amite County, Mississippi (fruit)
    • Deciduous Holly or Possum Haw

    • Ilex decidua Walt. var. decidua
    • "Deciduous holly is a large shrub or small tree that grows on fertile, moist soils in the understory of hardwood forests and in thickets along streams and fencerows. Functionally, deciduous holly plants are dioecious, i.e., individuals produce...
    • Madison Parish
    • Devilwood or Wild Olive

    • Osmanthus americanus (L.) Gray
    • "Perhaps more familiar to most Louisianans than our native devilwood is its exotic and often cultivated relative, the sweet olive. Devilwood appears to be restricted in Louisiana to the Florida Parishes, and it is rather common in certain...
    • Washington Parish
    • Downy Phlox

    • Phlox pilosa L.
    • "Downy phlox is common along the edges of woods and in clearings throughout much of the eastern United States. This herbaceous perennial has several pairs of narrow, lanceolate leaves oppositely arranged along its somewhat-downy stems. Supported...
    • Tangipahoa Parish

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