Skip to main content



Rosemary Drown Archdiocese of New Orleans and School Integration Collection

Rosemary Drown Archdiocese of New Orleans and School Integration Collection

Save page 1 of 2
Open Finding Aid
small (250x250 max)
medium (500x500 max)
Large
Extra Large
large ( > 500x500)
Full Resolution

Rosemary Drown Archdiocese of New Orleans and School Integration Collection

J. Edgar and Louis S. Monroe Library, Loyola University New Orleans

2013



Profile Description

Creation: XML finding aid derived from Microsoft Word document.
Finding aid written by Christine P. Horn, Special Collections & Archives, J. Edgar and Louis S. Monroe Library, Loyola University New Orleans, 2013.
Language: Description is in English.

Overview of the Collection

Repository: Loyola University (New Orleans, La.)
Monroe Library
6363 St. Charles Ave.
New Orleans, LA 70118
Phone: 504-864-7111
Email: archives@loyno.edu
Creator: Drown, Rosemary, 1917-1986
Title: Rosemary Drown Archdiocese of New Orleans and School Integration Collection
Inclusive Dates: 1942-1978
Bulk Dates: 1955-1964
Extent: 3 boxes
3 linear ft.
Abstract: Rosemary Drown was an employee of the New Orleans Catholic Bookshop for over 40 years. The Drown Collection includes photostat copies of correspondences, addresses, and pastoral letters by Archbishop Rummel and other clergy primarily relating to the New Orleans Archdiocese's intent to end segregation in parochial schools and fierce response by local opposition groups.
Collection No.41

System of Arrangement

The arrangement of this collection is alphabetical and arranged in two series. The arrangement scheme for the collection was imposed during processing in the absence of a usable original order.

Scope and Contents of the Collection

The Drown Collection includes photostat copies of correspondences, addresses, and pastoral letters by Archbishop Rummel and other clergy primarily relating to the New Orleans Archdiocese's intent to end segregation in parochial schools and fierce response by local opposition groups. Materials also include correspondence and newsletters from supporting local Catholic organizations and articles from local and national newspapers on the debate. There are also numerous journals, pamphlets and studies from the period on general civil rights and race relations, circa 1942-1978.


Administrative/Biographical History

Rosemary Drown was an employee of the New Orleans Catholic Bookshop for over 40 years. The Drown Collection was donated by Janet Mary Riley, women's rights advocate and the first female law professor in New Orleans, who had this to say about Ms. Drown: "Collected by late Rosemary Drown, employee of Catholic Bookstore, integrationist, friend of Ms. Riley."


Included is a 1962 letter from the Catholic Council on Human Relations of the Archdiocese of New Orleans to Ms. Drown regarding her contribution "to the worthy cause of helping a Catholic Negro family keep their child in a Catholic school."


Archbishop Joseph Francis Rummel, in the 1953 Pastoral Letter "Blessed Are the Peacemakers" called for an end to segregation within the New Orleans Archdiocese. Resistance and opposition to the idea of integration by some Catholics were strong and increased after the Supreme Court’s ruling in the 1954 landmark case Brown v. Board of Education found the segregation of public school students unconstitutional. Soon after, two major anti-integration organizations, the Association of Catholic Laymen and the White Citizen's Council of Greater New Orleans were established. With the support of Orleans Parish School Board member Emile Wagner, these groups sought directly to counter Archbishop Rummel's call for integration. In 1956, Archbishop Rummel wrote another Pastoral Letter, "The Morality of Racial Segregation," which clearly and plainly identified segregation as "morally wrong." For nearly a decade, anti-integration organizations continuously challenged Archbishop Rummel, even after Catholic School segregation officially ended at the beginning of the 1962-1963 school year.

Works Cited

Fairclough, Adam. Race & Democracy: The Civil Rights Struggle in Louisiana, 1915-1972. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1995. Print.
McMillen, Neil R. The Citizens' Council: Organized Resistance to the Second Reconstruction, 1954-64. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1971. Print.
Smestad Jr., John. The Role of Archbishop Joseph F. Rummel in the Desegregation of Catholic Schools in New Orleans
http://www.loyno.edu/~history/journal/1993-4/Smestad.html

Restrictions

Access Restrictions

The collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions

Permission must be obtained from Special Collections & Archives and all relevant rights holders before publishing quotations, excerpts or images from any materials in this collection.


Administrative Information

Preferred Citation

[Item], Rosemary Drown Archdiocese of New Orleans and School Integration Collection, Collection 43, Special Collections & Archives, J. Edgar & Louise S. Monroe Library, Loyola University, New Orleans.


Related Material

Materials concerning Archbishop Rummel and parochial school integration may also be found in the Louis J. Twomey, S.J. Papers (Collection #2).


you wish to report:


...
Select the collections to add or remove from your search
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
 
OK