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THE MEN from this African hunt are after really big game. They are searching for facts about a great medical problem: atherosclerosis (a type of hardening of the arteries). This summer the search led a Louisiana State university medical school team from New Orleans to an area near Nairobi in Kenya, East Africa. During a two-month period in Kenya, professional hunters trapped 183 baboons for the researchers. The medical men later performed autopsies on 163 of these animals. Among the medical team's accomplishments on the big baboon hunt were the following: 1. They discovered some surprising on-the-spot facts. Perhaps the most startling one: 50 per cent of all autopsied baboons had some degree of hardening of the arteries. (In no case, however, had the disease progressed far enough to produce any disability in the animals.) These baboons, of both sexes and of all ages and sizes, had lived their lives in their natural habitat, eating such foods as sugar cane, papayas, nuts, etc. They consumed practically no animal fat. The researchers feel that this may indicate that, contrary to many popular theories, cholesterol in the diet is not a primary factor in hardening of the arteries. 2. They concluded that the baboon is an ideal animal for use in atherosclerosis research. 3. Arrangements were made for a steady supply of baboons— 25 a month—to'be brought into this country, to be used for research purposes. The road that led LSU medical men to Africa had its beginning more than a decade ago. The medical school has long been doing animal research into the causes of atherosclerosis. It was found that lesions and other conditions associated with human atherosclerosis could be reproduced in animals like dogs, chickens, rabbits, etc. The artery diseases were produced mainly by feeding the animals diets saturated with animal fats. In 1956, however, an animal died in Audubon Park zoo and helped change the whole picture. A routine autopsy was performed on a 16-year-old female baboon by a member of the Tulane university medical school pathology department, Tulane sent the baboon's aorta and large arteries to the LSU medical school for study because it knew of LSU's Interest in arterial diseases. These arteries, from an animal that had consumed practically no animal fat during her lifetime, had extensive lesions and other signs of hardening1, of the arteries. Then a fascinating question presented itself. If complete and thorough autopsies could be performed on baboons of all ages and sizes in their natural habitat, how many of the animals would show signs of hardening of the arteries? To find out, and to secure a supply of baboons for further research, the African expedition was planned and executed. It was a co-operative venture be PHOTO: Natlve takes blood sample from baboon which has been captured* Baboons were animals LSU medica! men went to Africa to study
|Title||African adventure--for arteries|
|Contact Information||John P Isché Library - LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans - 433 Bolivar St. New Orleans, LA 70112 ~ Send inquiries to firstname.lastname@example.org|
Strong, Jack P., Dr.
McGill, Henry C., Dr., Jr.
Miller, Joseph Henry, Dr.
Gagliano, Nicholas, Dr.
Holman, Russell L., Dr.
|Call Number||1958 p124-125|
|Identifier||See 'reference url' on the navigational bars.|
|Source||John P Isché Library - LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans ~ www.lsuhsc.edu/no/library|
New Orleans (La.)
|Rights||Use is restricted to IP address of LSUHSC - New Orleans|
|Excerpted text||THE MEN from this African hunt are after really big game. They are searching for facts about a great medical problem: atherosclerosis (a type of hardening of the arteries). This summer the search led a Louisiana State university medical school team from New Orleans to an area near Nairobi in Kenya, East Africa. During a two-month period in Kenya, professional hunters trapped 183 baboons for the researchers. The medical men later performed autopsies on 163 of these animals.|