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LOYOLA MAROON gm Vol. XLIV Loyola University, New Orleans, La., Friday, March 22, 1968 No. 20 Urbanization problems face Latin America, say experts By GARY ATKINS In symposium Increased urbanization has brought increased problems to Latin American countries, according to three authorities who participated in the recent "Focus: Latin America" program. The three—Dr. Munro Edmunson, professor of anthropology at Tulane University; Dr. Richard Laßarge, chairman of the Economics and Finance Department at LSUNO; and Dr. Michael Micklin, associate professor of sociology at Tulane—discussed "The Problems of Urbanization and Social Change" in Latin America Tuesday night. "Urbanization and social change in Latin America have created internal problems that do more harm than good," Dr. Edmunsen said. "It is, in a sense, a disease." Dr. Edmunsen maintained that the problem of the city areas was and is being created by political pressures. "If you live in a small Latin AmericanAmerican village on the outskirts of a city," he said, "the only way anything of importance can be accomplished, the only way anything that might change your life for the better can be done, involves leaving the village and going into town. Nothing important can be accomplished in the villages. You must get to where the power is and the power is in the city." "There is no use knuckling down to a lot of labor on the local level," he said. "You must send a delegation to the chief or to the president—then there is some chance of getting something done." "Thus, the degree of centralization in Latin America is tremendous," he said, "and the result is that the problem can only be solved by respecting this hierarchy of power. And Latins recognize that." Dr. Nlic k 1 in took a demographer's view of the problem of urbanization, saying that the problem was part of a "vicious cycle." "It is impossible to attain economic development without reducing the population pressure," he said, "yet it is impossible to reduce the population pressure without some type of economic development." In other words, he said, whenever the Latin governments had some funds left over, instead of putting them into economic development it was necessary to use the money to support the unemployed. Another problem of urbanization in Latin America that Dr. Micklin pointed out was the increasing birth rate and the decreasing death rate in the rural areas. "The result is increased density in the rural areas," he said, and there are only three possible responses to this. "Either they reduce fertility, which they have not, attempt to acquire more land, which is not possible, or they leave the rural areas and go to the cities." When these residents of the rural areas migrate to the cities, they form temporary settlements in the city, Dr. Micklin said. These settlements lack public services such as water, electricity, and sanitation, and the residents are "not at all equipped to become a member of the urban industrial force." Therefore, there is a tremendous rate of unemployment, he said, creating situations similar to ghettos in the United States. "These people," Dr. Micklin said, "are most susceptible to whatever kind of propaganda that gets into the settlements. They're willing to go along with any idea which promises them a chance for a better form of existence." Dr. Laßarge added that the wages in the urban centers of Latin America, like those in the United States, tended to pull people from the rural areas into the cities. "Even the slums are vastly better than some of the rural housing facilities available," he said. i DONDE ESTA EL CAFE?: Latin American J) dancers swing to the rhythm of the Guatemalan rock 'n' roll, Los Mayas, during Latin Amer- ican Week at Loyola. These events took place Photo by Ed Curds at a replica of a Latin American cafe in the patio of Danna Center. Other features at the cafe included Spanish coffee, Spanish-American pastries and a style show. WOLF-TV taping Channel 8 series By PAM PARRA Will feature speakers The Department of Communications began production Monday on a half-hour video-taped series entitled, "View from the Campus." The series, which will be aired on WYES-TV beginning Thursday, April -11, at 6:30 p.m., will be replayed on each following Sunday at 5:00 p.m., according to Allan T. Jacobs, chairman of the communications department."The purpose of this series is to interview prominent persons visiting the city concerning their views on current topics of interest to college-age individuals," added Jacobs. The first program, which was taped Monday, was an interview with Miguel Aranguren, deputy director of information for the Organization of American States; and Thomas Mc- Bride. deputy director of the Peace Corps in Latin America. The discussion was moderated by Charles Pahl, professor of Latin American history at Loyola. The next two programs of the series were taped Wednesday. The first was an interview with John Gerassi, an authority on Latin America and editor of "Ramparts" magazine. The third program was a discussion with Charles Moore, chairman of the Department of Architecture at Yale University; and Grady Clay, managing editor of "Landscape Architect." The moderator of the discussion was John Lawrence, dean of the School of Architecture at Tulane University. The fourth program, to be taped Sunday, will feature Saul Aulinsky, an authority on social development. It will be moderated by Mrs. Helen Mervis, director of the New Orleans Consortium. The topics and speakers for the following programs have not been announced."The format of the programs is open participation of colleges and universitiesuniversities throughout the New Orleans area," said Jacobs. Jacobs said each program consists of an interview with the prominent guest, followed by a question and answer period. Anyone may participate in the programs by asking questions and participating in the discussion as a member of the audience, he said. Taping of the shows is done entirely by the communications students. Larry Maloney. A&S junior, directed taping of the programs. It is the first time a series has been taped by the communications department for showing on a television station."At present the programs are primarily concerned with guests to the Loyola campus, but soon the programs will be of direct interest to other universities in the city, and will hopefully draw the attention of these other students," said Jacobs. Students air gripes, peeves through Expression Board "Words are but the signs of ideas" . . . Shakespeare. If Shakespeare really meant what he said he certainly would have a great deal of fun with the "ideas" posted on the Expression Board located in the entrance way of Marquette Hall. The question one might ask him is what are they "signs" of? The majority of contributions concern the war in Viet Nam both pro and con. "God Bless Dow Chemical Corp." "Support Your War Effort . . . Kill A Peace-Creep TODAY!" The subject of God is also well represented on the Expression Board. One of the most interesting comments is a well lettered announcement which reads, "Due to Technical Difficulty Tomorrow Will Be Called Off ... (signed) GOD." The idea for an expression board for students and faculty came from music freshman Lisa Stone. She brought her idea to Miss Parrino who directed her to the Student Council. Realizing the validity of her request. Council members told her it would be possible for her to use the bulletin board in Marquette Hall. Lisa began expressing herself on the Expression Board and soon other student followed suit. The subjects are varied and the creativity is sometimes doubtful, but on a whole this form of institutional graffitti is well used. At any rate it seems appropriate to close with the anonymous contribution by a typical Loyola student . . . "Loyola hurts, but let's make the best of it." POST NO BILLS: A new addition to Marquette Hall is the Expression Board, giving students and faculty the opportunity to publicly air their expressions and ideas. Comments range from "God Bless Dow Chemical Company" to "A-Bomb Hanoi NOW." Elections Elections for college presidents and Student Council representatives will be held Monday and Tuesday March 25 and 26. Polls will be open from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. Each student of the university is allowed to vote in his own school or college. Evening division voting will take place Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday during school hours. CHOICE' polls students on presidential candidates Loyola students will soon have the opportunity to vote for one of 13 presidential possibilities as part of the National Collegiate Presidential Primary.The primary, also called CHOICE '68, will be held at Loyola April 24, according to Mary Fiser, chairman of the Student Council Elections Committee. In addition to presenting students with a choice of 13 "possibles" for president, the primary will also have three referendum questions— two on Vietnam and one on the urban problems. CHOICE '68, which is sponsored by Time magazine, is an attempt to stimulate more political interest on college campuses. Miss Fiser said, as well as to allow students to express their own political preferences. So far. some 1,000 colleges with a total enrollment of over five million have agreed to participate in CHOICE '68. The Loyola voting will be supervised by the Student Council Election Committee. The committee, Miss Fiser said, will try to get the various organizations on campus, as well as history and political science classes, to organize as parties and support one of the candidates. She said that although plans had not yet been finalized the committee might also try to hold student rallies and debates during the week before the voting. After the students vote on IBM cards, the votes will be sent to the national headquarters of CHOICE '68 where they will be tabulated. The 13 candidates whose names will appear on the CHOICE '68 ballot are: Fred Halstead, Mark O. Hatfield, Lyndon B. Johnson, Robert F. Kennedy, Martin L. King, John V. Lindsay, Eugene J. McCarthy, Richard M. Nixon, Charles H. Percy, Ronald W. Reagan, Nelson A. Rockefeller, Harold E. Stassen, and George C. Wallace.The three referendum questions will concern the course of military action the United States should pursue in Vietnam, the course the United States should take in regard to the bombing of North Vietnam, and what type of program to aid in the urban crisis should be given government priority. Undercover agents aided in arrests By ED ANDERSON Sabolyk admits Col. Robert Sabolyk, Dean of Men, admitted Monday in an interview that a member of the New Orleans Police Force worked as an undercover agent on the campus during the recent narcotics crackdown which resulted in the arrests of five Loyola students. Sabolyk said that the agent, Jerry Faulkner, "was here to help clear up the problem" of marijuana on the campus. Sabolyk also said that Faulkner was enrolled as a full-time student at the university for "about six weeks." He said that the undercover agent began his work at the university with the beginning of the spring semester and withdrew from Loyola when the cases were brought to light. During that time, Sabolyk said, Faulkner lived on campus in Biever Hall. When asked if Faulkner was the only undercover agent on campus at the time, Sabolyk said: "Yes, he was the only one. You can't have the entire police force out here." Sabolyk said that it was necessary for Loyola to help the police in the matter. In such a case, Sabolyk said, it "is necessary for the university to cooperate with local law enforcement officers." He feels such cooperation is necessary not only in the university's interest but also for the good of the community. Sabolyk said that Faulkner was on campus because "both we and they (the New Orleans Police Department) knew we had a problem on the campus."campus." He said that both the university and police officials "decided to get together by mutual agreement" to help remedy the situation. Sabolyk said that' he "forsees no problem now" concerning the use of drugs on campus. He feels that the situation "has been taken care of." However, a usually reliable source has informed the Maroon that there are at present three undercover agents working in Biever Hall. Sabolyk vehemently denied that such is the case. He said: "As far as I know, this is absolutely not true." Faulkner and fellow undercover agent Frank Ben, were recently honored by Mayor Victor H. Schiro for their work as undercover agents whose work was instrumental in the arrests of 61 suspected narcotics offenders throughout the city. Both men will shortly enter the New Orleans Police Academy to obtain their basic training as police officers.APO movie The APO movie this week is "What Did You Do in the War Daddy?" starring James Colburn and Aldo Ray. It will be presented in Marquette Auditorium at 7 p.m., March 23 and 24. Saturday night a late show will be featured at 10:30 p.m. Admission for the movies is 50 cents.
|Masthead||The Maroon Vol. 44 No. 20|
|Publisher||Loyola University (New Orleans, La.)|
|Coverage||United States; Louisiana; New Orleans;|
|Source||Loyola University New Orleans Special Collections & Archives (http://library.loyno.edu/research/speccoll/) New Orleans, LA|
|Subject||Loyola University (New Orleans, La.)|
|Rights||Digital rights are held by Loyola University New Orleans. Copyright is retained in accordance with U.S. copyright law.|
|Creator||Loyola University (New Orleans, La.)|
|Relation-Is Part Of||http://www.louisianadigitallibrary.org/cdm/search/collection/LOYOLA_UMN|
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